Childhood Septicemia in Tripoli, Libya: Bacterial Etiology and Its Antibiotic-Resistant Pattern

Authors

  • Heba Abuhelala Department of Medical Laboratories Sciences, Faculty of Medical Technology, The University of Tripoli, Libya
  • Asma Elkammoshi Department of Medical Laboratories Sciences, Faculty of Medical Technology, The University of Tripoli, Libya
  • Abir Ben Ashur Department of Medical Laboratories Sciences, Faculty of Medical Technology, The University of Tripoli, Libya https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7265-313X
  • Hiba Alsharif Department of Medical Laboratories Sciences, Faculty of Medical Technology, The University of Tripoli, Libya
  • Ahmed Atia Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medical Technology, The University of Tripoli, Libya

Keywords:

Antibiotic Susceptibility, Blood Culture, Septicemia, Pediatrics

Abstract

Background and aims. Septicemia is a frequently occurring illness, but it affects children, particularly newborns and young infants, more than any other age group. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of septicemia in children and their antibiotic resistance pattern. Methods. A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out during the period from April 2021 to July 2022 on a total of 302 patients who attended different polyclinics in Tripoli, Libya. Results. Out of 302 blood cultures, only 60 (19.8%) were positive growth of bacteria. Gram-positive bacteria constituted 32(53.3%) while Gram-negative bacteria were 28(46.7%). The highest number of isolates were Klebsiella pneumoniae (28.3%) followed by Staphylococcus aureus (20.0%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (15.0%), Staphylococcus haemolyticus (10.0%). While, in E. coli (10.0%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, enterococcus faecalis were the most frequent isolates (5%, each), followed by Streptococcus ssp., (3.33%), Acinetobacter baumanii (1.66%), and Burkholderia cepacia (1.66%). Most of isolates were resistant to the commonly used antibiotics such as gentamicin, erythromycin, and ticarcillin. Overall, the majority of isolates were multidrug resistant. Conclusion. The study has brought attention to the significant impact of bacterial infection as a cause of septicemia in children at a healthcare facility in Tripoli.

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Published

2023-08-08

How to Cite

1.
Heba Abuhelala, Asma Elkammoshi, Abir Ben Ashur, Hiba Alsharif, Atia A. Childhood Septicemia in Tripoli, Libya: Bacterial Etiology and Its Antibiotic-Resistant Pattern. Alq J Med App Sci [Internet]. 2023 Aug. 8 [cited 2024 Jul. 14];:444-50. Available from: https://journal.utripoli.edu.ly/index.php/Alqalam/article/view/322

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