Nematode infestation in Red Mullet (Mullus surmuletus, Linnaeus, 1758) From Benghazi Coast, Libya

Authors

  • Hamed Kassem Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya
  • Rima EL-Maadani Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya
  • Galal Bojwari Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya
  • Salem Bowashi Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Omar Al- Mukhtar university, Albida, Libya https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6235-6323
  • Abdulwahed Hador Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Omar Al- Mukhtar university, Albida, Libya

Keywords:

Parasites Nematodes, Red Mullet Fish, Benghazi- Libya.

Abstract

Aims. This study was aimed to identify nematode parasites infecting M. surmuletus from cost of Benghazi and study the relationship between the prevalence of nematode parasites and sex, body weight body length of M. surmuletus. Methods. One hundred twenty of M. surmuletus were collected randomly from Benghazi cost during the period April to July 2012. Each fish was opened up dorso-ventrally then the sex of examined fishes was determined. Results. The result revealed that one hundred and five (87.5%) of the examined M. surmuletus were found infected with one or more nematode parasites, they are Anisakis spp. Larva, Contracaecum spp. Larva, Echinorhynchus gadii and Philometra lateolabracis. The highest infection rate was detected in Anisakis spp. Larva (75.2%) followed by Contracaecum spp. Larva (68.6%), E. gadii (48.5%) and Philometra lateolabracis (11.4%). All nematode parasites were found in the digestive tract of M. surmuletus except Philometra lateolabracis found in gonads of infected fish. Conclusion. The incidence of parasitic nematodes was relatively high in the city of Benghazi. An appropriate medications and educational programs must be given among these populations, to prevent the spread of infection and disease.

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Published

2023-02-25

How to Cite

Hamed Kassem, Rima EL-Maadani, Galal Bojwari, Salem Bowashi, & Abdulwahed Hador. (2023). Nematode infestation in Red Mullet (Mullus surmuletus, Linnaeus, 1758) From Benghazi Coast, Libya. AlQalam Journal of Medical and Applied Sciences, 81–88. Retrieved from https://journal.utripoli.edu.ly/index.php/Alqalam/article/view/228

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